Takayama City, or Hida-Takayama as it is sometimes referred to, is located in Gifu Prefecture and has enjoyed a certain amount of prosperity since it was first settled in during the Jomon period. The region has long been famous for artisans and craftsmen - particularly carpenters - and it is often said that the carpenters of the Hida region played a big role in the creation of some Kyoto's most famous temples, shrines and castles.
The hot spring town of Gero in Gifu Prefecture has been considered one of Japan's top 3 onsen spots in the whole country since the Edo Period. The man responsible for promoting the fame of the waters of the town was a poet named Hayashi Razan. These days, the town is a popular destination for young groups and couples who are looking for a pleasant rural escape from city life.